Crown Prince Academy

lower primary Curriculum

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During their three years at the Lower Primary, learners follow the curriculum outlined in the National Standard Based Curriculum, and, a unique CPA content as guided by the four pillars of learning set by UNESCO; learning to know, learning to do, learning to be, and learning to live together.  Our co-curricular activities are designed to give opportunity to learners to develop their individual skills and exhibit them.

Class teaching is practised at the Lower Primary where particular teachers manage a class in which they teach Mathematics, English Language, History, Our World Our People (OWOP) and Religious and Moral Education (RME), while Ghanaian Language, French, Computing and Creative Art are taught by specialised teachers.


To ensure that every learner is well equipped with all the requisite 21st century skills to stand out in every given space, CPA has fully furnished ICT Labs to expose learners to the various ICT tools around them, including computers, cameras, television sets and related software like Microsoft Office packages; Word, PowerPoint, and Excel as learning tools.

The exposure that learners are given at the Lower Primary level to use ICT in exploring learning builds their confidence and increases their level of motivation to apply ICT in later years, both within and outside of education. The study of Computing as a subject enhances the quality and learner’s level of competence in the 4Rs. Learners at this level are able to participate in on-line learning with great confidence.

language & literacy

Teaching Language and Literacy offers opportunities to reinforce knowledge, skills and understanding required to communicate effectively. At the Lower Primary, studying the English Language, French and Akuapem Twi as subjects presents opportunities for learners to become increasingly familiar with the sounds and written form of a new language, develop linguistic skills, develop positive attitudes towards language learning and use their knowledge with growing confidence, and competence to understand.

Learners spend much of their time in Oral Language, Reading, Writing, Using Writing Conventions, and Extensive Reading more than in most other subjects. They take part in role-plays, conversations and question and answer work, sing songs and recite poems, and respond to a wide range of aural stimuli. CPA believes that laying emphasis on acquiring communication skills at the Lower Primary is critical to effective communication as well as a key foundation for literacy.


Learning Numeracy at the Lower Primary stage is to ensure that learners enjoy learning the subject through exciting experiences that offer a sense of pleasure in solving a problem or a mathematical puzzle. In Numeracy, learners develop and improve their own mathematical knowledge, skills, understanding with confidence the concepts and operations required for problem solving. Proficiency in Number Operations, Algebra, Fractions, Data, Measurement and Geometry are taught with visual, audio and kinaesthetic approaches to ensure advancement in individual learner’s understanding, fluency, problem solving and reasoning skills.

Teachers create an exciting learning environment to stimulate the curiosity of learners by offering them opportunity to formulate their own questions, and investigate mathematical situations through group-games that bring beautiful moments in learning mathematics. In CPA, foundation in mathematics is to develop learners to apply mathematics in a variety of their daily activities within their experience in the classroom, such as planning their timetable for the day, or identifying and proposing solutions to challenges.


With an understanding that learners are information constructors who operate as researchers, facilitators create the enabling environment to promote construction of knowledge by learners based on their previous experiences. This makes learning of science at CPA more relevant to the learner and leads them to develop their critical thinking and problem solving skills.

Through the study of the topics; Cycles, Diversity of Matter, Systems, Forces and Energy, Humans and the Environment, a learner becomes scientific literate, good problem solver, has the ability to think creatively and with confidence, and participates fully in society as a responsible individual. Apart from teachers guiding learners to provide feedback on concepts studied in the classroom, they engage them in hands-on projects and field trips to ensure that learners become critical thinkers and problem solvers who take responsibility for their own learning.

our world our people

In a learner-centred environment, teachers allow learners to brainstorm on the topics:  All around Us, Our Beliefs and Values, and Our Nation Ghana, to help them develop awareness of their creator and the purpose of their very existence. These topics guide learners to appreciate themselves as unique individuals, exhibit their sense of belonging to the family and community, demonstrate responsible citizenship, show love and care for the environment, and develop attitudes for a healthy and peaceful lifestyle.

OWOP provides the opportunity to teachers to adopt thematic and creative pedagogic approaches such as talk for learning, project-based learning, games, modelling, questioning, songs, storytelling and role-play necessary for achieving learners’ creative thinking skills, and honest and responsible citizens.

At the Lower Primary, learners are nurtured on positive attitudes, values and essential skills to analyse and evaluate environmental issues. Class teachers emphasise important areas in the day-to-day learning to promote higher order thinking among learners.

creative Arts

Creative Arts facilitators design lessons in order to develop the uniqueness of every learner as prescribed by our vision. Through learning activities such as music, dance, drama, drawing, modelling, castings, weaving etc. learners are offered the opportunity to work at their own pace without discrimination or comparison to help them appreciate various aspects of the arts: Visual and Performing Arts.

Lessons are interactive, exciting and stimulating to enable learners discover their talents and develop their lifelong, core competencies, functional and foundational skills. CPA Creative Art classroom environment encourages learners to participate and collaborate in groups to understand and respect everyone’s individual skills, abilities and experiences.


Lower Primary History lessons are learner-centred, where teachers introduce topics for the day and assists learners to describe and analyse issues raised, trace patterns of societal and human behaviour and where necessary, give their views on current events (in the country) based on their knowledge. Learners are encouraged to explore topics through questioning.

Classroom activities emphasise important concepts in the day to day learning episodes, and aim to promote higher order of thinking among learners. Through the learning of My Country Ghana and Europeans in Ghana, learners at the Lower Primary appreciate the history of themselves, their families and communities; acquire the skill of gathering and objectively analysing historical data, using scientific methods to interpret past actions and behaviours of the people of Ghana from a Ghanaian perspective. Our learners acquire more knowledge on the history of the people of Ghana, develop a sense of national consciousness and appreciate the factors that make for national unity, and also acquire positive habits and attitudes as a Ghanaian and an African with a heritage worthy of pride.

religious & moral education

RME lessons are learner-centered considering a Chinese proverb that states that “I hear, I forget; I see and I remember; and I do and I understand.” With carefully selected learning resources such as audio-visuals, learners contribute actively to acquire the right knowledge, values, attitudes, language skills and other core competencies needed.

Teachers engage learners in practical activities like demonstrations, role plays, recitals, games, group work and visiting important religious and historic sites to enable learners develop an awareness of their Creator and the purpose of their very existence. The Lower Primary topics: God, His Creation and Attributes, Religious practices and their moral implications, Religious Leaders, the Family and the Community, enhance learners’ understanding and tolerance of other people’s faiths and cultures. The study of RME helps learners to draw the difference between acceptable and unacceptable behaviours so that they can make the right decisions in any situation and thus become responsible citizens. RME helps Lower Primary learners to acquire the socio-cultural values inherent in the three major religions in Ghana (i.e. Christianity, Islam and African Traditional religion), and also guides them to develop the spirit of team work, collaboration and togetherness in nation-building.

physical education

Physical Education instructors guide learners to discover and develop knowledge, skills, attitude, values, fitness, health and social responsibility through interaction with the environment. PE lessons in CPA ensure that all learners develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities; athletics, games, and sports, lead healthy and active life-styles, become confident and responsible persons in all walks of life, develop mental, moral, social and spiritual capabilities, and, appreciate healthy competition in athletics, games and sports. Our PE lessons are complemented by a yearly sports festival held at either national or private sports stadiums.